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Carol Johnston

CAROL.JOHNSTON@asu.edu

Asc Dir (FSC) & Professor
SNHP Nutrition
Faculty w/Admin Appointment
Mail Code: 3020

ABC 132 Phoenix Downtown Campus (Map)
(602)827-2265

Bio

Carol Johnston, PhD, RD
Professor
Director, Nutrition Program

Short Bio

Carol S. Johnston is Professor and Associate Director of the Nutrition Program in the School of Nutrition and Health Promotion at Arizona State University.  She received her BS in nutrition from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor and her MS in nutrition and PhD in biological sciences from the University of Texas, Austin.  She teaches both undergraduate and graduate courses and has an active research program.  She has published over 100 research articles and book chapters, and she is often quoted in popular magazines reporting nutrition news.  She is an expert in vitamin C metabolism, the medicinal use of vinegar, high protein/low carbohydrate diets for weight loss, and vegetarian diets.  She currently chairs the Institutional Review Board at ASU which oversees human subject research at the University.  She holds an elected position on an Expert Committee of the U.S. Pharmacopoeia in Washington DC.  She has been recognized on multiple occasions for her teaching excellence at ASU, and she has received several national awards from the American College of Nutrition for her professional and academic accomplishments.

 

 

Research Interests

Vitamin C metabolism, diabetic diets, obesity, and vegetarian nutrition. Specific topics include the role of vitamin C nutrition in fat oxidation, adiposity risk, and physical activity; the impact of vinegar ingestion in managing the diabetic condition; the relationships between food and mental health; and nutrient requirements of vegetarians.

 

Courses

Spring 2015

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
EXW 791 Seminar
NTR 440 Advanced Human Nutrition I
NTR 492 Honors Directed Study
NTR 493 Honors Thesis
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 540 Adv Micronutrient Metabolism
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 690 Reading and Conference
NTR 692 Research
NTR 784 Internship
NTR 791 Seminar
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Fall 2014

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
NTR 440 Advanced Human Nutrition I
NTR 492 Honors Directed Study
NTR 493 Honors Thesis
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 500 Research Methods
NTR 540 Adv Micronutrient Metabolism
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 690 Reading and Conference
NTR 692 Research
NTR 784 Internship
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Summer 2014

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
BIO 495 Undergraduate Research
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 690 Reading and Conference
NTR 692 Research
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Spring 2014

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
EXW 791 Seminar
NTR 440 Advanced Human Nutrition I
NTR 448 Community Nutrition
NTR 492 Honors Directed Study
NTR 493 Honors Thesis
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 540 Adv Micronutrient Metabolism
NTR 548 Advanced Community Nutrition
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 690 Reading and Conference
NTR 692 Research
NTR 784 Internship
NTR 791 Seminar
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Fall 2013

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
BIO 495 Undergraduate Research
NTR 440 Advanced Human Nutrition I
NTR 492 Honors Directed Study
NTR 493 Honors Thesis
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 500 Research Methods
NTR 540 Adv Micronutrient Metabolism
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 690 Reading and Conference
NTR 692 Research
NTR 784 Internship
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Summer 2013

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
BIO 495 Undergraduate Research
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 690 Reading and Conference
NTR 692 Research
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Spring 2013

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
EXW 791 Seminar
NTR 440 Advanced Human Nutrition I
NTR 492 Honors Directed Study
NTR 493 Honors Thesis
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 540 Adv Micronutrient Metabolism
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 690 Reading and Conference
NTR 692 Research
NTR 784 Internship
NTR 791 Seminar
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Fall 2012

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
NTR 440 Advanced Human Nutrition I
NTR 492 Honors Directed Study
NTR 493 Honors Thesis
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 500 Research Methods
NTR 540 Adv Micronutrient Metabolism
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 690 Reading and Conference
NTR 692 Research
NTR 784 Internship
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Summer 2012

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 692 Research
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Spring 2012

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
EXW 791 Seminar
MIC 495 Undergraduate Research
NTR 440 Advanced Human Nutrition I
NTR 492 Honors Directed Study
NTR 493 Honors Thesis
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 540 Adv Micronutrient Metabolism
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 690 Reading and Conference
NTR 692 Research
NTR 784 Internship
NTR 791 Seminar
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Fall 2011

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
NTR 440 Advanced Human Nutrition I
NTR 492 Honors Directed Study
NTR 493 Honors Thesis
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 500 Research Methods
NTR 540 Adv Micronutrient Metabolism
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 690 Reading and Conference
NTR 692 Research
NTR 784 Internship
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Summer 2011

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 692 Research
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Spring 2011

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
EXW 791 Seminar
NTR 440 Advanced Human Nutrition I
NTR 492 Honors Directed Study
NTR 493 Honors Thesis
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 540 Adv Micronutrient Metabolism
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 690 Reading and Conference
NTR 692 Research
NTR 784 Internship
NTR 791 Seminar
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Fall 2010

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
NTR 440 Advanced Human Nutrition I
NTR 492 Honors Directed Study
NTR 493 Honors Thesis
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 500 Research Methods
NTR 540 Adv Micronutrient Metabolism
NTR 592 Research
NTR 593 Applied Project
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 690 Reading and Conference
NTR 692 Research
NTR 784 Internship
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Summer 2010

Courses Taught This Semester
Course Number Course Title
NTR 499 Individualized Instruction
NTR 590 Reading and Conference
NTR 592 Research
NTR 599 Thesis
NTR 792 Research
NTR 799 Dissertation

Publications and Other Intellectual ContributionsGoogle Scholar

  1. Carol Johnston, C Gaas. Vinegar: Medicinal uses and antiglycemic effect. Medscape General Medicine (2006).

  2. Carol Johnston, S Tjonn, P Swan, A White, H Hutchins, B Sears. Ketogenic low-carbohydrate diets have no metabolic advantage as compared to non-ketogenic low-carbohydrate diets. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2006).

  3. D Benyshek, Carol Johnston, J Martin. Glucose metabolism is altered in the adequately-nourished grand-offspring (F3 generation) of rats malnourished in utero. Diabetologia (2006).

  4. D Winham, Carol Johnston, K Rhoda. Maternal weight gain is associated with infant insulin concentrations during the first year of life. Diabetes Care (2006).

  5. A Hutchins, I McIver, Carol Johnston. Hypertensive crisis associated with high dose soy isoflavone supplementation in a post-menopausal woman: a case report. BMC Women's Health (2005).

  6. A Hutchins, I McIver, Carol Johnston. Soy isoflavone and ascorbic acid supplementation alone or in combination minimally affect plasma lipid peroxides in healthy postmenopausal women. Journal of the American Dietetic Association (2005).

  7. Carol Johnston. Strategies for healthy weight loss: from vitamin C to the glycemic index. Journal of the American College of Nutrition (2005).

  8. Carol Johnston. Uncle Sam's Diet Sensation: MyPyramid -- An Overview and Commentary. Medscape General Medicine (2005).

  9. Carol Johnston, A Buller. Vinegar and peanut products as complementary foods to reduce postprandial glycemia. Journal of the American Dietetic Association (2005).

  10. Carol Johnston, J Hale. Oxidation of ascorbic acid in stored orange juice is associated with reduced plasma vitamin C concentrations and elevated lipid peroxides. Journal of the American Dietetic Association (2005).

  11. J Hathcock, A Dickinson, A Azzi, J Blumberg, B Frei, Carol Johnston, L Packer, S Parthasarathy, M Traber. Potential harm of vitamin E supplementation (letter reply). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2005).

  12. J Hathcock, Kraemer Klaus, L Packer, S Parthasarathy, H Sies, M Traber, A Dickinson, A Azzi, J Blumberg, T Bray, B Frei, I Jialal, Carol Johnston, F Kelly. Vitamins E and C - safe within broad ranges of intakes. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2005).

  13. Carol Johnston, C Kim, A Buller. Vinegar improves insulin sensitivity to a high carbohydrate meal in subjects with insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care (2004).

  14. Carol Johnston, S Tjonn, P Swan. High-protein, low-fat diets are effective for weight loss and favorably alter biomarkers in healthy adults. Journal of Nutrition (2004).

  15. D Benyshek, Carol Johnston, J Martin. Post-natal diet determines insulin resistance in fetally malnourished, low birthweight rats (F1) but diet does not modify the insulin resistance of their offspring (F2). Life Sciences (2004).

  16. J Hampl, C Taylor, Carol Johnston. Vitamin C Deficiency and Depletion in the United States: The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994. American Journal of Public Health (2004).

  17. Jeffrey Hampl, S Levinson, L Garcia, Carol Johnston. Project GLEAN: Evaluation of a School-Based, Gleaned-Food Distribution Program. J Sustain Agr (2004).

  18. Carol Johnston, C Dancho, G Strong. Orange juice ingestion and supplemental vitamin C are equally effective a reducing plasma lipid peroxidation in healthy adult women. Journal of the American College of Nutrition (2003).

  19. Book chapter: Beverage Impacts on Health and Nutrition. Humana Press (2003).

  20. C Venti, Carol Johnston. Modified Food Guide Pyramid for Lactovegetarians and vegans. Journal of Nutrition (2002).

  21. Carol Johnston, C Day, P Swan. Post-prandial thermogenesis is increased 100% on a high-protein, low-fat diet versus a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet in healthy, young women. Journal of the American College of Nutrition (2002).

  22. Carol Johnston, D Bowling. Bioavailability of oxidized vitamin C (dehydroascorbic acid). Journal of the American Dietetic Association. (letter) (2002).

  23. Carol Johnston, D Bowling. Stability of ascorbic acid in commercially available orange juices. Journal of the American Dietetic Association (2002).

  24. M Huso, J Hampl, Carol Johnston, P Swan. Creatine supplementation influences substrate utilization at rest. Journal of Applied Physiology (2002).

  25. Book chapter: The Antioxidant Vitamins C and E. AOCS Press (2002).

  26. Carol Johnston, S Cox. Plasma-saturating intakes of vitamin C confer maximal antioxidant protection to plasma. Journal of the American College of Nutrition (2001).

  27. D Benyshek, J Martin, Carol Johnston. A reconsideration of the origins of the type 2 diabetes epidemic among Native Americans and the implications for community-based interventions. Medical Anthropology (2001).

  28. J Hampl, Carol Johnston, R Mills. And should we die?: Scourge of black-leg (scurvy) on the Mormon Trail. Nutrition (2001).

  29. Book chapter: Present Knowledge in Nutrition. ILSI Press (2001).

  30. Book chapter: Johnston, Carol S (Author) ,Steinberg, F M (Author) ,Rucker, R B (Author) . Ascorbic Acid. Handbook of Vitamins. Marcel Dekker, Inc (2001).

  31. C Taylor, J Hampl, Carol Johnston. Low intakes of vegetables and fruits, especially citrus fruits, lead to inadequate vitamin C intakes among adults. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2000).

  32. Carol Johnston, C Taylor, J Hampl. More Americans are eating '5 A Day' but intakes of dark green and cruciferous vegetables remain low. Journal of Nutrition (2000).

  33. Carol Johnston, W Monte. Infant formula ingestion is associated with the development of diabetes in the BB/Wor rat. Life Sciences (2000).

  34. J Martin, Carol Johnston, T Han, D Benyshek. Nutritional origins of insulin resistance: an animal model for diabetes-prone populations. Journal of Nutrition (2000).

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Presentations

  1. Johnston, Carol The Efficacy of Diets for Health and Weight Loss: High Protein versus Zone. EnerZona Convention. (May 2006).
  2. Johnston, Carol Nutritional aspects of childhood obesity and the metabolic syndrome. American College of Sports Medicine 25th Annual meeting of the South West Chapter. (Nov 2005).
  3. Johnston, Carol The efficacy of low-carbohydrate diets for weight loss and health: Atkins versus the Zone. American College of Sports Medicine 25th Annual meeting of the South West Chapter. (Nov 2005).
  4. Johnston, Carol Diet Tricks. National Council of University Research Administrators (NCURA) Region 6 Annual Meeting. (Apr 2005).
  5. Johnston, Carol Low carbohydrate diets. Meet the Expert Session, Annual Meeting of the American College of Nutrition. (Oct 2004).
  6. Johnston, Carol Strategies for healthy, effective weight loss: from vitamin C to the glycemic response. The Grace Goldsmith Award Lecture, Annual Meeting of the American College of Nutrition. (Oct 2004).
  7. Johnston, Carol Vitamin C - Is it beneficial? Is it safe?. Council for Responsible Nutrition, Annual Conference on Dietary Supplements. (Sep 2003).
  8. Johnston, Carol Food pyramids. 28th Annual Career and Technical Education Conference, Association for Career and Technical Education of Arizona. (Jul 2003).
  9. Johnston, Carol Vitamins C and E: Where do we go from here?. Oxygen Club of California and the Linus Pauling Institute, Diet and Optimum Health Annual Conference. (May 2003).
  10. Johnston, Carol Toxicities of vitamins C and E. Oxygen Club of California World Congress. (Mar 2002).
  11. Johnston, Carol The optimal vitamin C dosage. Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University. (Dec 2001).

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Research Activity Research Awards

  1. Johnston,Carol S * . The Effects of Re-Engineered Carbohydrates on Metabolic Syndrome (ASUF 30006283). ASU FDN (8/4/2014 - 8/3/2015).
  2. Sweazea,Karen Leanna * Johnston,Carol S . Evaluation of the Anti-aging Properties of Product B. (8/1/2013 - 11/30/2014).
  3. Sweazea,Karen Leanna * Johnston,Carol S . Almond Ingestion to Reduce Hemoglobin A1C in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes. Almond Board of CA (7/1/2012 - 12/31/2013).
  4. Johnston,Carol S * . Effects of Peanut Products on Satiety and Weight Management in an Overweight Campus Community. Peanut Inst. (12/1/2010 - 11/30/2011).
  5. Martin,Keith Robert * Johnston,Carol S . Effect of a polysaccharide supplement with Aloe on the bioavailability of dietary antioxidants in healthy adults. (2/7/2010 - 12/31/2011).
  6. Winham,Donna M * Hutchins,Andrea May Johnston,Carol S . Impact of Daily Navy Bean Consumption on Biomarkers for Heart Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Risk. Bush Brothers (8/1/2005 - 9/30/2006).
  7. Johnston,Carol S * Swan,Pamela D . The Impact of Vitamin C Status on Fat Oxidation, Adiponectin Concentrations, and Body Mass. GENL MILLS/BELL INST OF HEALTH (5/1/2005 - 4/30/2006).
  8. Hutchins,Andrea May * Johnston,Carol S . The Role of Insulin Sensitivity in the Success of Weight Loss Diets. PFEIFFER RESEARCH FDN (8/1/2004 - 7/31/2005).
  9. Johnston,Carol S * . Evaluation of the Efficacy and Healthfulness of Two Popular Low Carbohydrate Diets - Atkins versus the Zone. INFLAMMATION RESEARCH FDN (8/1/2004 - 7/31/2005).
  10. Winham,Donna M * Hutchins,Andrea May Johnston,Carol S . Impact of Long-Term Chickpea Consumption on Biomarkers for Heat Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Risk. MICHIGAN STATE UNIV (6/1/2004 - 5/31/2006).
  11. Johnston,Carol S * . ESTER C. GRANT: VITAMIN C METABOLISM. INTER-CAL CORP, INC (8/15/1991 - 2/29/1992).

* principal investigator

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